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Deer

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    Eventually this topic will discuss both the natural history of deer in Wisconsin as well as the issue of deer herd management, including the issues relating to hunting deer.

    A classic document on the question of deer herd management is the Minority Report of the Citizens' Deer Committee to Wisconsin Conservation Commission by a committee chaired by No topic [leopold aldo leopold] in which an antlerless hunt deer hunt is recommended. It also provides an estimate, challenged, of the deer population of Wisconsin at half a million. A recent DNR report cited this as follows:

    "Estimating the number of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in Wisconsin has been controversial for many years. In 1943 Aldo Leopold estimated the Wisconsin deer population at 500,000 animals. His estimate was questioned by Roy Jorgensen, editor of "Save Wisconsin's Deer" who instead suggested there were 200,000 deer." An Evaluation of the SAK Model.

    Charles P. Forbes
    August 31, 2009
  • Bibliography

    Comprehensive References

    Buckles, Julie. Wisconsin's Disappearing Forest. [Site Lines, A Journal of Place. Vol. 13, #1, Fall, 2017] New York, 2017. View Full Entry (Full text available)
    Cutright and Kearns. Effects of Deer Herbivory on Birds. Madison, 2010. View Full Entry (Full text available)
    Jackson, H. H. T.. Mammals of Wisconsin. Madison, 1961. View Full Entry
    Leopold, Aldo, et al.. Minority Report of the Citizens' Deer Committee to Wisconsin Conservation Commission. [Wisconsin Conservation Bulletin, Vol. 8, #8, August, 1943] Madison, 1943. View Full Entry
    Sanderson, Ivan. Living Mammals of the World. Garden City, New York, 1955. View Full Entry
    Scott, Jack. Durable Deer. [Reader's Digest, Dec 1969 p.217. Orig. National Wildlife, Dec 1969-Jan 1970] 1969. View Full Entry
    Willging, Robert. On the Hunt. Madison, 2009. View Full Entry

    Major References

    Christensen, Earl. Phytosociological Study of the Winter Range of Deer in Northern Wisconsin. [Ph.D. Thesis] Madison, 1954. View Full Entry
    Crowley, Mike and Marshia. White Deer Roam in Their Backyard. [Our Wisconsin, Premiere Issue, p. 14.] Greendale, Wisconsin, 2013. View Full Entry
    Erickson, Sue. Treaty Night Hunt Still Unresolved. [Mazina'igan, A Chronicle of the Lake Superior Ojibwe, Winter 2014/2015, p. 1.] Odanah, Wisconsin, 2014. View Full Entry (Full text available)
    Flader, Susan. Thinking Like a Mountain. Lincoln, NE, 1978. View Full Entry
    Gauthier and Dickinson. Effect of Deer Browse on a Northern Hardwood Forest in Baraga County, MI. [Partners News, April, 2016, p. 16.] Conover, 2016. View Full Entry (Full text available)
    Grossman, et al.. Upland and Northern Forests. [Chapter 4 of Our Vanishing Wiolderness.] New York, 1969. View Full Entry
    Habeck and Curtis. Forest Cover and Deer Population Densities in Early Northern Wisconsin. [Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters, Vol. 48, 1959.] Madison, 1959. View Full Entry (Full text available)
    Hester, F. Eugene. Bucks in the Rut. [Wisconsin Trails, 28 #5, Oct. 2004, pp. 10-16.] Black Earth, 2004. View Full Entry
    Krech, Shepard. Ecological Indian, Myth and History. NY, 1999. View Full Entry
    Leopold, Aldo. Mortgaging the Future Deer Herd. [Wisconsin Conservation Bulletin, 12:9, Sept 1947, p. 3.] Madison, 1947. View Full Entry
    Leopold, Aldo. Game Survey of the North Central States. Washington, 1931. View Full Entry
    Manwell, Robert. Reducing the CWD Risk. [Wisconsin Natural Resources, 26:5, October 2002, pp. 25-28.] Madison, 2002. View Full Entry (Full text available)
    Manwell, Robert. Appetite for Trouble. [Wisconsin Natural Resources, Vol. 31, #5, October, 2007, pp. 17-20.] Madison, 2007. View Full Entry (Full text available)
    McCaffery and Creed. Significance of Forest Openings to Deer in Northern Wisconsin. [Technical Bulletin No. 44] Madison, 1969. View Full Entry
    McCombie, Brian. Who Is To Blame for Mad Deer?. [The Progressive, August 2002] Madison, 2002. View Full Entry
    McCown and Wallenfang. Wisconsin's Deer Management Program. [DNR PUBL-SS-931-98, Second Edition] Madison, 1998. View Full Entry
    Millspaugh et al.. Evaluation of the SAK [Sex-Age-Kill] Model as Applied in Wisconsin. [Draft Report to the DNR Bureau of Wildlife Management] Madison, 2006. View Full Entry (Full text available)
    Mitchell, John. Our Wily White-tailed Deer. [Smithsonian, Nov 1982 p.110] Washington, 1982. View Full Entry
    Ohio Division of Wildlife. White-tailed Deer. [Life History Notes, Publication 101] Columbus, 1999. View Full Entry (Full text available)
    Rawlings, Marjorie. Yearling. New York, 1938. View Full Entry
    Schorger, A. W.. White-Tailed Deer in Early Wisconsin. [Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters, Vol. 42, 1953] Madison, 1953. View Full Entry (Full text available)
    Storm et al.. Wisconsin's Dedication to Deer Research. [Wisconsin Natural Resources, Vol. 37, #5, October, 2013. Speciall Center Section. PBL SS-1122-2013] Madison, 2013. View Full Entry (Full text available)
    Swift, Ernest. History of Wisconsin Deer. Madison, 1946. View Full Entry
    Warnke, Keith. Sizing Up the Deer Herd. [Wisconsin Natural Resources, Vol. 33, #5, October, 2009, pp. 4-9] Madison, 2009. View Full Entry (Full text available)
    Wiener, Rob, Ed.. Surveying Species, Monitoring Wisconsin's Wildlife. [Northbound, Vol. 27, #1, Winter 2007.] Eagle River, 2007. View Full Entry
    Wisconsin Council on Forestry. Biennial Report 2015-2016. [Unnumbered State document, distributed on the Council's website] Madison, 2017. View Full Entry (Full text available)
    Wisconsin Council on Forestry. Position Paper on the Dynamic Relationship Between White-tailed Deer and Wisconsin Forests. [Transmitted by letter to Gov. Scott Walkter, January 30, 2017] Madison, 2017. View Full Entry (Full text available)

    Minor References

    Anderson, Ken. Hunters Question DNR. [Vilas County News-Review, March 19, 2008. p. 1A] Eagle River, 2008. View Full Entry
    Feeney, et al.. Wisconsin: Deer Management Research. [Pittman-Robertson Quarterly, Vol. 4, #3, July 1944, pp. 122-3.] Washington, 1944. View Full Entry (Full text available)
    Gilchrist, Susan. Science Supporting Decisions, 2001-2003 Biennial Report, Wisconsin DNR, Bureau of Integrated Science Services. [PUB-SS-985 2003] Madison, 2003. View Full Entry
    Habeck, James. Winter Deer Activity in the White Cedar Swamps of Northern Wisconsin. [Ecology, Vol. 41, #2, April 1960, pp. 327-33] Bethesda, MD, 1960. View Full Entry
    Larsen, Jame. Wisconsin's Renewable Resources. Madison, 1956. View Full Entry (Full text available)
    McCullough, Dale . Population Growth Rate of the George Reserve Deer Herd. [Journal of Wildlife Management, Vol. 46, #4, 1982, pp. 1079-83.] Bethesda, MD, 1982. View Full Entry
    Russell, Dan. Antler Anatomy. [Country, Nov 1982 p.31] 1982. View Full Entry
    Sams and Stoick. Lost in the Woods. [A successor to Stranger in the Woods (Bib. # 2113)] Milford, MI, 2004. View Full Entry
    Sayner-Star Lake Chamber of Commerce. Star Lake, Wisconsin. [Annual Tourist Brochure] Sayner, 2008. View Full Entry
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