Star Lake Plantation
The Report of the State Forrester of Wisconsin For 1911 and 1912 contained the following:
"In order to have a fairly large and permanent experimental plantation it is proposed to reforest, in the spring of 1913, a long point in Star lake, Vilas county, which contains about 100 acres, and the following plants grown in the state nursery will be used:
White Pine ..... 50,000
Norway Pine ..... 50,000
Western yellow pine ..... 10,000
Scotch pine ..... 5,000
Norway spruce ,,,,, 5,000
"A permanent accurate record of this plantation will be kept and it should prove a very valuable guide to all future tree planters of northern Wisconsin." (P. 66.)
In 1913 the DNR planted the Star Lake Plantation on the Star Lake peninsula. The seedlings came from the DNR Nursery at Trout Lake. In 1943 two one-acre test plots were established and the trees in the test plots were numbered. The first thinning occurred at that time, the second five years later and the third six years later. Statistical data from the first three thinnings is presented by forester F. G. Wilson in his "Evaluation of Three Thinnings at Star Lake".
Wilson also notes that the thinning protocol was established by the Lake States Forest Experiment Station, which maintains the records of the plantation. [Note: The Lake States Forest Experiment Station merged in 1965 with the Central States Forest Experiment Station to form the North Central Forest Experiment Station.
NOTE: In the Bibliography (at Bibliography TAB), technical papers that have been generated by research at the Star Lake Plantation are listed under "Comprehensive."Charles P. ForbesJune 15, 2012
Comprehensive ReferencesMartin, George. Dynamic Network of Silvacultural Alternatives for Red Pine. [Ph.D. Dissertation] Madison, 1978. View Full EntryStearns, Forest. History of the Lake States Forests. [Great Lakes Ecological Assessment Reports: Gen. Tech. Rep. NC-189, 1997] St. Paul, 1997. View Full Entry (Full text available)Wilson, et al.. Fifty years from seed: the Star Lake plantation . [Technical Bulletin # 27.] Madison, 1963. View Full Entry (Full text available)Wilson, Fred G.. Evaluation of Three Thinnings at Star Lake. [Forest Science, 1:3, September 1955, pp. 227-231.] Washington, 1955. View Full EntryWilson, F. G.. Thinning as an Orderly Discipline. [Journal of Forestry, 77:8, August 1979. Reprinted by the DNR.] 1979. View Full Entryde Naurois and Buongiorno. Economics of Red Pine Plantation Management in Wisconsin. [Northern Journal of Applied Forestry, Vol. 3, Issue 3, Sept. 1986, pp.118-123.] 1986. View Full Entry (Full text available)
Major References****. Griffith State Nursery. [Wis. Conservation Bulletin 19:4, April, 1954, p. 29] Madison, 1954. View Full Entry****. Star Lake Nature Trail. [NHAL State Forest Visitor's Guide, 2018, P. 47 [map p. 45]] Minocqua, 2018. View Full EntryHovind, H. J.. So You're Going to Plant Trees. VI. Costs and Returns.. [Wis. Conservation Bulletin, Nov/Dec'60,V25#9,p.27.] 1960. View Full EntryHuhti, Thomas. Wisconsin. [Fourth Edition] Berkeley, CA, 2008. View Full EntryHuhti, Thomas. Wisconsin Handbook, Including Door County. [First Edition] Chico, CA, 1997. View Full EntryMackie and Carow. Timber Harvest in the Northern Highland Forest. [Wisconsin Conservation Bulletin, 20:4, April 1955, pp. 22-5.] Madison, 1955. View Full EntryMartin, A. J.. Star Lake Plantation in 1986. [Forestry Research Notes No. 269] Madison, 1987. View Full EntryMcCann, Dennis. Tall Pines Substitute for Lost First Forest. [Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, Sunday, Nov. 6, 2005, Travel, p. 1 ff.] Milwaukee, 2005. View Full EntryMoore, Trisha. Pine Plantation Highlight: Star Lake. [Northbound, Vol. 26, #4, Winter 2007, P. 4-5.] Eagle River, 2007. View Full Entry (Full text available)Radloff, Gene. Where To Go and What To See in Vilas County. [One page, mimeo] Eagle River, 1982. View Full EntryRohe, Randall. 100 Years of Wisconsin Forestry. [Wisconsin Natural Resources, 28:1, Feb. 2004, pp. 17-21.] Madison, 2004. View Full Entry
Minor References****. Northwoods Wisconsin. Minocqua, n.d.. View Full EntryAlbert, Dennis. Regional Landscape Ecosystems of Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin. [General Technical Report NC-178 4th Revision, July 1974] St. Paul, 1974. View Full EntryAuer, Jeremiah. Growing Up. [Wisconsin Natural Resources,35:3, June 2011, pp. 10-3.] Madison, 2011. View Full Entry (Full text available)Olsen, Jeff. NHAL Forest Management. [NHAL State Forest Visitor Guide 2012, p 4.] Boulder Junction, 2012. View Full Entry (Full text available)